Let be a first order language and a theory in . Recall that a model is an -structure such that satisfies every sentence in . We say that the structure is a model of . Let us write the class of all -structures that are models of .
Definition. A class of -structures is said to be axiomatizable if there is a theory such that . Furthermore, is a finitely axiomatizable or elemenary class if is finite.
For example, the class of groups is elementary (and hence axiomatizable), because the set of group axioms is finite. However, the class of infinite groups is axiomatizable but not elementary. Similarly, the class of -modules is elementary iff is finite. The class of locally finite groups is an example of a non-axiomatizable class.
is an elementary class iff there is a sentence such that , for sentences can be combined to form , which is also a sentence since it has no free variables.
A class is axiomatizable iff it is an intersection of elementary classes. As such elementary class is sometimes abbreviated EC, and axiomatizable class EC, where means is another symbol for intersection.
A caution to the reader: some authors call an elementary class an axiomatizable class that is defined here.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 17:34:38|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 17:34:38|
|Last modified by||CWoo (3771)|