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A subset $B$ of a tree $(T,<_{T})$ is a branch if $B$ is a maximal linearly ordered subset of $T$. That is:

$<_{T}$ is a linear ordering of $B$

If $t\in T\setminus B$ then $B\cup\{t\}$ is not linearly ordered by $<_{T}$.
This is the same as the intuitive conception of a branch: it is a set of nodes starting at the root and going all the way to the tip (in infinite sets the conception is more complicated, since there may not be a tip, but the idea is the same). Since branches are maximal there is no way to add an element to a branch and have it remain a branch.
A cofinal branch is a branch which intersects every level of the tree.
Defines:
branch, cofinal branch
Related:
TreeSetTheoretic, ExampleOfTreeSetTheoretic
Type of Math Object:
Definition
Major Section:
Reference
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new correction: Define Galois correspondence by porton
Oct 7
new correction: Closure properties on languages: DCFL not closed under reversal by babou
new correction: DCFLs are not closed under reversal by petey
new question: Lorenz system by David Bankom
Oct 2
new correction: Many corrections by Smarandache
Sep 28
new question: how to contest an entry? by zorba
new question: simple question by parag
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new question: Latent variable by adam_reith