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Homelimit laws for uniform convergence

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# limit laws for uniform convergence

As might be expected, the usual (pointwise) limit laws — for instance, that the sum of limits is the limit of sums — have analogues for uniform limits. The laws for uniform limits are usually not mentioned in elementary textbooks, but they are useful in situations where having uniform convergence is crucial, such as when working with infinite sums or products of holomorphic or meromorphic functions.

The uniform laws may be derived simply by reinterpreting the pointwise proofs from any calculus text, with some extra conditions. Some of these results are listed below.

In the following, $X$ is a metric space, and $Y$ is another metric space (with the appropriate operations defined), while $f_{n}\colon X\to Y$ and $g_{n}\colon X\to Y$ (with $n\in\mathbb{N}$) are functions that converge uniformly on $X$ to $f\colon X\to Y$ and $g\colon X\to Y$, respectively. (For example, $X$ and $Y$ may be $\mathbb{C}$, the complex plane.)

###### Theorem 1.

If $Y$ is a normed vector space, then $f_{n}+g_{n}$ uniformly converge to $f+g$.

###### Theorem 2.

If $Y$ is a Banach algebra, and both $f(X)$ and $g(X)$ are bounded, then $f_{n}\cdot g_{n}$ uniformly converge to $f\cdot g$.

###### Theorem 3.

Let $Z$ be another metric space. Suppose that $X$ is compact, $Y$ is locally compact, and $f\colon X\to Y$, and $h\colon Y\to Z$ are continuous functions. Then $h\circ f_{n}$ converge to $h\circ f$ uniformly.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

40A30*no label found*

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