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pons asinorum
Pons asinorum is Latin for “bridge of asses”. During medieval times, this name was given to the fifth proposition in the first book of Euclid’s The Elements. In the original Greek, this proposition reads:
$T\tilde{\omega}\nu$ $\iota\sigma o\sigma\kappa\varepsilon\lambda\tilde{\omega}\nu$ $\tau\rho\iota\gamma\acute{\omega}\nu\omega\nu$ $\alpha\iota$ $\pi\rho\grave{o}\varsigma$ $\tau\tilde{\eta}$ $\beta\acute{\alpha}\sigma\varepsilon\iota$ $\gamma\omega\nu\acute{\iota}\alpha\iota$ $\iota\sigma\alpha\iota$ $\alpha\lambda\lambda\acute{\eta}\lambda\alpha\iota\varsigma$ $\varepsilon\iota\sigma\acute{\iota}\nu,$ $\kappa\alpha\grave{\iota}$ $\pi\rho o\sigma\varepsilon\kappa\beta\lambda\eta\theta\varepsilon\iota\sigma% \tilde{\omega}\nu$ $\tau\tilde{\omega}\nu$ $\iota\sigma\omega\nu$ $\varepsilon\upsilon\theta\varepsilon\iota\tilde{\omega}\nu$ $\alpha\iota$ $\upsilon\pi\grave{o}$ $\tau\grave{\eta}\nu$ $\beta\acute{\alpha}\sigma\iota\nu$ $\gamma\omega\nu\acute{\iota}\alpha\iota$ $\iota\sigma\alpha\iota$ $\alpha\lambda\lambda\acute{\eta}\lambda\alpha\iota\varsigma$ $\varepsilon\sigma o\nu\tau\alpha\iota.$
A translation of this proposition is:
In isosceles triangles, the angles at the base equal one another, and, if the equal straight lines are produced further, then the angles under the base equal one another.
There are a couple of reasons why this proposition was named pons asinorum:

Euclid’s diagram for this proposition looks like a bridge.

This is the first nontrivial proposition in The Elements and thus tests a student’s ability to understand more advanced concepts in Euclidean geometry. Therefore, this proposition serves as a bridge from from the trivial portion of Euclidean geometry to the nontrivial portion, and the people who cannot cross this bridge are considered to be unintelligent.
For more details, please see a post written by rspuzio and a post written by Wkbj79.
References
 1 Mourmouras, Dimitrios. The Elements: The original Greek text. URL: http://www.physics.ntua.gr/Faculty/mourmouras/euclid
 2 Wikipedia. Pons asinorum. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pons_Asinorum
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Comments
Greek
I am thinking about adding the Greek text to the best of my ability. The accents will be off though.
I hope that someone figures out how to incorporate Greek text more easily soon. :)
Warren