# Roth’s theorem

The following theorem is due to Klaus Roth and it is a generalization of a previous theorem of Liouville (see Liouville approximation theorem). Roth was awarded the Fields Medal for his work on the geometry of numbers. W. M. Schmidt generalized the result even further. The result is widely used to prove that a certain number is transcendental. Here, for a rational number $t$ in reduced form, the denominator of $t$ is denoted by $d(t)$.

###### Theorem 1.

For any algebraic number $\alpha$ and for any $\epsilon>0$ there are only finitely many rational numbers $t$ with:

 $|\alpha-t|<\frac{1}{d(t)^{2+\epsilon}}.$

In other words, the equation:

 $\left|\alpha-\frac{p}{q}\right|<\frac{1}{q^{2+\epsilon}}$

has only finitely many solutions with $p\in\mathbb{Z}$ and $q\in\mathbb{Z}^{+}$.

Title Roth’s theorem RothsTheorem 2013-03-22 15:02:23 2013-03-22 15:02:23 alozano (2414) alozano (2414) 7 alozano (2414) Theorem msc 11J81 msc 11J68 ExampleOfTranscendentalNumber