# semi-Fredholm operator

A semi-Fredholm operator is a bounded operator between Banach spaces that has a finite dimensional kernel or cokernel, and closed range. There are two semigroups of semi-Fredholm operators: upper semi-Fredholm operators (those which have finite dimensional kernels), and lower semi-Fredholm operators (those which have finite dimensional cokernels). A semi-Fredholm operator that is both upper and lower is Fredholm. If an operator is homotopic through (a norm continuous path of) semi-Fredholm operators to a Fredholm operator, then it is Fredholm.

Title semi-Fredholm operator SemiFredholmOperator 2013-03-22 14:17:00 2013-03-22 14:17:00 mhale (572) mhale (572) 5 mhale (572) Definition msc 47A53