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# countable basis

A countable basis $\beta$ of a vector space $V$ over a field $F$ is a countable subset $\beta\subset V$ with the property that every element $v\in V$ can be written as an infinite series

$v=\sum_{{x\in\beta}}a_{x}x$ |

in exactly one way (where $a_{x}\in F$). We are implicitly assuming, without further comment, that the vector space $V$ has been given a topological structure or normed structure in which the above infinite sum is absolutely convergent (so that it converges to $v$ regardless of the order in which the terms are summed).

The archetypical example of a countable basis is the Fourier series of a function: every continuous real-valued periodic function $f$ on the unit circle $S^{1}=\mathbb{R}/2\pi$ can be written as a Fourier series

$f(x)=\sum_{{n=0}}^{\infty}a_{n}\cos(nx)+\sum_{{n=1}}^{\infty}b_{n}\sin(nx)$ |

in exactly one way.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

42-00*no label found*15A03

*no label found*

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