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# additive function

In number theory^{}, an additive function is an arithmetic function $f\colon\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{C}$ with the property that $f(1)=0$ and, for all $a,b\in\mathbb{N}$ with $\gcd(a,b)=1$, $f(ab)=f(a)+f(b)$.

An arithmetic function $f$ is said to be completely additive if $f(1)=0$ and $f(ab)=f(a)+f(b)$ holds for all positive^{} integers $a$ and $b$, even when they are not relatively prime. In this case, the function^{} is a homomorphism^{} of monoids and, because of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, is completely determined by its restriction^{} to prime numbers. Every completely additive function is additive.

Outside of number theory, the term additive is usually used for all functions with the property $f(a+b)=f(a)+f(b)$ for all arguments $a$ and $b$. (For instance, see the other entry titled additive function.) This entry discusses number theoretic additive functions.

Additive functions cannot have convolution inverses since an arithmetic function $f$ has a convolution inverse if and only if $f(1)\neq 0$. A proof of this equivalence is supplied here.

The most common type of additive function in all of mathematics is the logarithm. Other additive functions that are useful in number theory are:

- •
$\omega(n)$, the number of distinct prime factors function

- •
$\Omega(n)$, the number of (nondistinct) prime factors function

By exponentiating an additive function, a multiplicative function is obtained. For example, the function $\displaystyle 2^{{\omega(n)}}$ is multiplicative. Similarly, by exponentiating a completely additive function, a completely multiplicative function is obtained. For example, the function $\displaystyle 2^{{\Omega(n)}}$ is completely multiplicative.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

11A25*no label found*

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