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# quantum Riemannian geometry

# 1 Quantum Riemannian geometry

An interesting, but perhaps limiting approach to Quantum Gravity (QG), involves defining a *quantum Riemannian geometry* [2] in place of the classical Riemannian manifold that is employed in the well-known, Einstein’s classical approach to General Relativity (GR). Whereas a classical Riemannian manifold has a
metric defined by a special, *Riemannian tensor*, the *quantum Riemannian geometry* may be defined in different theoretical approaches to QG by either quantum loops (or perhaps ‘strings’), or *spin networks and spin foams* (in locally covariant GR quantized space-times). The latter two concepts are related to the ‘standard’ quantum spin observables and thus have the advantage of precise mathematical definitions. As spin foams can be defined as functors of spin network categories, *quantized space-times (QST)s* can be represented by, or defined in terms of, *natural transformations of ‘spin foam’ functors*. The latter definition is not however the usual one adopted for quantum Riemannian geometry, and other (for example, noncommutative geometry) approaches attempt to define a QST metric not by a *Riemannian tensor* –as in the classical GR case– but in relation to a generalized, quantum ‘Dirac’ operator in a spectral triplet.

Remarks. Other approaches to Quantum Gravity include: Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG), AQFT approaches, Topological Quantum Field Theory (TQFT)/ Homotopy Quantum Field Theories (HQFT; Tureaev and Porter, 2005), Quantum Theories on a Lattice (QTL), string theories and spin network models.

###### Definition 1.1.

*Quantum Geometry* is defined as a *field of Mathematical or Theoretical Physics based on geometrical and Algebraic Topology approaches to Quantum Gravity*- one such approach is based on Noncommutative Geometry and SUSY (the ‘Standard’ Model in current Physics).

*A Result for Quantum Spin Foam Representations of Quantum Space-Times (QST)s:*
There exists an $n$-connected CW model $(Z,QSF)$ for the pair $(QST,QSF)$ such that:
$f_{*}:\pi_{i}(Z)\rightarrow\pi_{i}(QST)$, is an isomorphism for $i>n$, and it is a monomorphism for $i=n$.
The $n$-connected CW model is unique up to homotopy equivalence. (The $CW$ complex, $Z$, considered here is a homotopic ‘hybrid’ between QSF and QST).

# References

- 1
A. Connes. 1994.
*Noncommutative Geometry*. Academic Press: New York and London. - 2 Abhay Ashtekar and Jerzy Lewandowski.2005. Quantum Geometry and Its Applications. PDF file download.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

18D25*no label found*18-00

*no label found*55U99

*no label found*81-00

*no label found*81P05

*no label found*81Q05

*no label found*

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