# annulus

 $A=A_{w}(r,R)=\{z\in\mathbb{C}:r<|z-w|

where $w$ is an arbitrary complex number   , and $r$ and $R$ are real numbers with $0. Such a set is often called an annular region.

It should be noted that the annulus usually refers to an open annulus.

More generally, one can allow $r=0$ or $R=\infty$. (This makes sense for the purposes of the bound on $|z-w|$ above.) This would make an annulus include the cases of a punctured disc, and some unbounded domains.

Analogously, a closed annulus is a set of the form

 $\overline{A}=\overline{A}_{w}(r,R)=\{z\in\mathbb{C}:r\leq|z-w|\leq R\},$

where $w\in\mathbb{C}$, and $r$ and $R$ are real numbers with $0.

One can show that two annuli $D_{w}(r,R)$ and $D_{w^{\prime}}(r^{\prime},R^{\prime})$ are conformally equivalent if and only if $R/r=R^{\prime}/r^{\prime}$. More generally, the complement of any closed disk in an open disk is conformally equivalent to precisely one annulus of the form $D_{0}(r,1)$.

Title annulus Annulus1 2013-03-22 13:34:52 2013-03-22 13:34:52 Wkbj79 (1863) Wkbj79 (1863) 7 Wkbj79 (1863) Definition msc 30-00 open annulus annular region Annulus closed annulus