conductor of a vector

Let $k$ be a field, $V$ a vector space  , $T:V\to V$ a linear transformation, and $W$ a $T$-invariant subspace of $V$. Let $x\in V$. The $T$-conductor of $x$ in $W$ is the set $S_{T}(x,W)$ containing all polynomials   $g\in k[X]$ such that $g(T)x\in W$. It happens to be that this set is an ideal of the polynomial ring. We also use the term $T$-conductor of $x$ in $W$ to refer to the generator   of such ideal.

In the special case $W=\{0\}$, the $T$-conductor is called $T$-annihilator  of $x$. Another way to define the $T$-conductor of $x$ in $W$ is by saying that it is a monic polynomial $p$ of lowest degree such that $p(T)x\in W$. Of course this polynomial happens to be unique. So the $T$-annihilator of $x$ is the monic polynomial $m_{x}$ of lowest degree such that $m_{x}(T)x=0$.

Title conductor of a vector ConductorOfAVector 2013-03-22 14:05:19 2013-03-22 14:05:19 CWoo (3771) CWoo (3771) 5 CWoo (3771) Definition msc 15A04 T-conductor conductor annihilator annihilator polynomial conductor polynomial