limit along a filter
Definition 1.
Let $\mathrm{F}$ be a filter on $\mathrm{N}$ and $\mathrm{(}{x}_{n}\mathrm{)}$ be a sequence^{} in a metric space $\mathrm{(}X\mathrm{,}d\mathrm{)}$. We say that $L$ is the $\mathcal{F}$-limit of $\mathrm{(}{x}_{n}\mathrm{)}$ if
$$ |
for every $\epsilon \mathrm{>}\mathrm{0}$.
The name along $\mathrm{F}$ is used as well.
In the usual definition of limit one requires all sets $A(\epsilon )$ to be cofinite - i.e. they have to be large. In the definition of $\mathcal{F}$-limit we simply choose which sets are considered to be large - namely the sets from the filter $\mathcal{F}$.
Remarks
This notion shouldn’t be confused with the notion of limit of a filter (http://planetmath.org/filter) defined in general topology.
Let us note that the same notion is defined by some authors using the dual notion of ideal instead of filter and, of course, all results can be reformulated using ideals as well. For this approach see e.g. [4].
Examples
Limit along the Fréchet filter, which consist of complements^{} of finite sets^{}, is the usual limit of a sequence.
Limit of the sequence $({x}_{n})$ along the principal filter^{} ${\mathcal{F}}_{k}=\{A\subseteq \mathbb{N};k\in A\}$ is ${x}_{k}$.
If we put $\mathcal{F}=\{\mathbb{N}\setminus A:d(A)=0\}$, where $d$ denotes the asymptotic density, then it can be shown that $\mathcal{F}$ is a filter. In this case $\mathcal{F}$-convergence is known as statistical convergence.
References
- 1 M. A. Alekseev, L. Yu. Glebsky, and E. I. Gordon, On approximations of groups, group actions and Hopf algebras^{}, Journal of Mathematical Sciences 107 (2001), no. 5, 4305–4332.
- 2 B. Balcar and P. Štěpánek, Teorie množin, Academia, Praha, 1986 (Czech).
- 3 K. Hrbacek and T. Jech, Introduction to set theory^{}, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1999.
- 4 P. Kostyrko, T. Šalát, and W. Wilczyński, $\mathrm{I}$-convergence, Real Anal. Exchange 26 (2000-2001), 669–686.
Title | limit along a filter |
---|---|
Canonical name | LimitAlongAFilter |
Date of creation | 2013-03-22 15:32:20 |
Last modified on | 2013-03-22 15:32:20 |
Owner | kompik (10588) |
Last modified by | kompik (10588) |
Numerical id | 6 |
Author | kompik (10588) |
Entry type | Definition |
Classification | msc 03E99 |
Classification | msc 40A05 |
Synonym | limit along filter |
Synonym | F-limit |
Related topic | Filter |
Defines | limit along a filter |