# logarithmic derivative

Given a function $f$, the quantity $f^{\prime}/f$ is known as the logarithmic derivative  of $f$. This name comes from the observation that, on account of the chain rule  ,

 $(\log f)^{\prime}=f^{\prime}\log^{\prime}(f)=f^{\prime}/f.$

The logarithmic derivative has several basic properties which make it useful in various contexts.

The logarithmic derivative of the product of functions is the sum of their logarithmic derivatives. This follows from the product rule  :

 ${(fg)^{\prime}\over fg}={fg^{\prime}+f^{\prime}g\over fg}={f^{\prime}\over f}+% {g^{\prime}\over g}$

The logarithmic derivative of the quotient of functions is the difference of their logarithmic derivatives. This follows from the quotient rule  :

 ${(f/g)^{\prime}\over f/g}={f^{\prime}g-fg^{\prime}\over g^{2}}{g\over f}={f^{% \prime}\over f}-{g^{\prime}\over g}$

The logarithmic derivative of the $p$-th power of a function is $p$ times the logarithmic derivative of the function. This follows from the power rule   :

 ${(f^{p})^{\prime}\over f^{p}}={pf^{p-1}f^{\prime}\over f^{p}}=p\,{f^{\prime}% \over f}$

Using these identities, it is rather easy to compute the logarithmic derivatives of expressions which are presented in factored form. For instance, suppose we want to compute the logarithmic derivative of

 $e^{x^{2}}{(x-2)^{3}(x-3)\over x-1}.$

Using our identities, we find that its logarithic derivative is

 $2x+{3\over x-2}+{1\over x-3}-{1\over x-1}.$
Title logarithmic derivative LogarithmicDerivative 2013-03-22 16:47:02 2013-03-22 16:47:02 rspuzio (6075) rspuzio (6075) 11 rspuzio (6075) Definition msc 26B05 msc 46G05 msc 26A24 ZeroesOfDerivativeOfComplexPolynomial