Let be a unit square. Let be , with each square divided into ninths, by being divided into thirds horizontally and vertically, and the central resulting square removed, and the other resulting squares treated separately in further divisions. The limit as of is a Sierpinski carpet. An approximation is shown in figure 1.
The Menger sponge is a fractal embedded in 3-dimensional space. It can be seen as a 3-d generalization of the Sierpinski carpet, which is itself a 2-dimensional generalization of the Cantor set. The Menger sponge is almost always represented as being constructed from Cantor sets using the “middle third” rule.
The Menger sponge consists of all points such that , , and are all in Sierpinski carpets. Each “face” is a Sierpinski carpet.
Similarily to the Sierpinski carpet the Menger sponge can be constructed in the following way:
Start with a unit cube and split it into 27 smaller cubes of equal size. Remove the central cube and the ones joining a face with it. Then start over with the remaining smaller cubes.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 14:27:05|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 14:27:05|
|Last modified by||mathwizard (128)|