# monomial

For example, the following are monomials.

 $\begin{array}[]{ccc}1&x&x^{2}y\\ \\ xyz&3x^{4}y^{2}z^{3}&-z\end{array}$

If there are $n$ variables from which a monomial may be formed, then a monomial may be represented without its coefficient as a vector of $n$ naturals. Each position in this vector would correspond to a particular variable, and the value of the element at each position would correspond to the power of that variable in the monomial. For instance, the monomial $x^{2}yz^{3}$ formed from the set of variables $\left\{w,x,y,z\right\}$ would be represented as $\begin{pmatrix}0&2&1&3\end{pmatrix}^{T}$. A constant would be a zero vector  .

Given this representation  , we may define a few more concepts. First, the degree of a monomial is the sum of the elements of its vector representation. Thus, the degree of $x^{2}yz^{3}$ is $0+2+1+3=6$, and the degree of a constant is 0. If a polynomial is represented as a sum over a set of monomials, then the degree of a polynomial can be defined as the degree of the monomial of largest degree belonging to that polynomial.

Title monomial Monomial 2013-03-22 12:34:32 2013-03-22 12:34:32 bbukh (348) bbukh (348) 5 bbukh (348) Definition msc 12-00 degree of a monomial