# number

Number is an abstract concept which is not defined generally in mathematics.  The numbers can be used for counting .

Usually the numbers, which can be thought to be formed by gradually expanding the available system of numbers:

• integers (added 0 (http://planetmath.org/Null) and negative integers)

A usual applier of the mathematics, e.g. an engineer, probably believes that there are no other numbers than the complex numbers.  Some school book may tell that the complex numbers form the widest possible field (http://planetmath.org/Field) of numbers.  However, the mathematicians know that there exist infinitely many extension fields  of the field $\mathbb{C}$ of the complex numbers, e.g. the rational function field  $\mathbb{C}(X)$ or the formal Laurent series field $\mathbb{C}((X))$.  That’s a different matter if one wants to call numbers the elements of the last fields.

The field $\mathbb{Q}$ of the rational numbers can be extended also in another direction than the real and complex numbers:  the field of $p$-adic numbers (http://planetmath.org/PAdicIntegers) makes a completion of $\mathbb{Q}$ which resembles $\mathbb{R}$ but which is not contained neither in $\mathbb{R}$ in $\mathbb{C}$.

Title number Number 2015-11-17 12:09:30 2015-11-17 12:09:30 pahio (2872) pahio (2872) 10 pahio (2872) Feature msc 03E10 ClassificationOfComplexNumbers Fraction CardinalNumber OrdinalNumber RuleOfProduct