Given a sequence of numbers (real or complex) we define a sequence of partial sums , where . This sequence is called the series with terms . We define the sum of the series to be the limit of these partial sums. More precisely
In a context where this distinction does not matter much (this is usually the case) one identifies a series with its sum, if the latter exists.
Traditionally, as above, series are infinite sums of real numbers. However, the formal constraints on the terms are much less strict. We need only be able to add the terms and take the limit of partial sums. So in full generality the terms could be complex numbers or even elements of certain rings, fields, and vector spaces.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 12:41:35|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 12:41:35|
|Last modified by||mathwizard (128)|