# tangle

A tangle is a $1$-manifold, i.e. a disjoint union of arcs and circles, embedded in $(0,1)^{2}\times[0,1]$. The boundary of a tangle is contained in $(0,1)^{2}\times\{0,1\}$. Two tangles are considered equivalent if and only if they are ambient isotopic relative to their boundaries. Combinatorially, tangles can be understood as tangle diagrams. Any two tangle diagrams which represent the same tangle can be connected by Reidemeister moves. This is the content of a slight generalization of Reidemeister’s theorem. Algebraically, tangles form the morphisms of a tortile monoidal category. This is a corollary of Shum’s theorem. Specifically, they form the tortile monoidal category generated by a self-dual,unframed object.

Title tangle Tangle 2013-03-22 18:16:41 2013-03-22 18:16:41 apollonius (16438) apollonius (16438) 5 apollonius (16438) Definition msc 54C25 Knot Link Braid