# topological transformation group

Let $G$ be a topological group  and $X$ any topological space  . We say that $G$ is a topological transformation group of $X$ if $G$ acts on $X$ continuously, in the following sense:

1. 1.
2. 2.

$\alpha(1,x)=x$, and

3. 3.

$\alpha(g_{1}g_{2},x)=\alpha(g_{1},\alpha(g_{2},x))$.

The function $\alpha$ is called the (left) action of $G$ on $X$. When there is no confusion, $\alpha(g,x)$ is simply written $gx$, so that the two conditions above read $1x=x$ and $(g_{1}g_{2})x=g_{1}(g_{2}x)$.

If a topological transformation group $G$ on $X$ is effective, then $G$ can be viewed as a group of homeomorphisms on $X$: simply define $h_{g}:X\to X$ by $h_{g}(x)=gx$ for each $g\in G$ so that $h_{g}$ is the identity function precisely when $g=1$.

Some Examples.

1. 1.

Let $X=\mathbb{R}^{n}$, and $G$ be the group of $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{R}$. Clearly $X$ and $G$ are both topological spaces with the usual topology. Furthermore, $G$ is a topological group. $G$ acts on $X$ continuous if we view elements of $X$ as column vectors  and take the action to be the matrix multiplication  on the left.

2. 2.

If $G$ is a topological group, $G$ can be considered a topological transformation group on itself. There are many continuous actions that can be defined on $G$. For example, $\alpha:G\times G\to G$ given by $\alpha(g,x)=gx$ is one such action. It is continuous, and satisfies the two action axioms. $G$ is also effective with respect to $\alpha$.

Title topological transformation group TopologicalTransformationGroup 2013-03-22 16:43:58 2013-03-22 16:43:58 CWoo (3771) CWoo (3771) 5 CWoo (3771) Definition msc 54H15 msc 22F05 effective topological transformation group