# base and height of triangle

Considering the area of a triangle, one usually names a side of the triangle to be its base.  For expressing the calculation way of the area of the triangle, one then uses the height (a.k.a. altitude  ), which means the perpendicular distance of the vertex, to the base side, from the line determined by the base.  In the above two triangles, the heights $h_{1}$ and $h_{2}$ correspond the horizontal . One calls foot of the height the projection of the vertex onto the line of the base.

The rule for the calculation reads

 area  =  base times height divided by 2

In the below figure, there is the illustration of the rule.  The parallelogram  $ABCD$ has been divided by the diagonal $BD$ into two triangles, which are congruent by the ASA criterion (see the alternate interior angles).  Thus the both triangles have the areas half of the area of the parallelogram, which in turn has the common base $AB$ and the common height $h$ with the triangle $ABD$.

 Title base and height of triangle Canonical name BaseAndHeightOfTriangle Date of creation 2013-03-22 18:50:15 Last modified on 2013-03-22 18:50:15 Owner pahio (2872) Last modified by pahio (2872) Numerical id 14 Author pahio (2872) Entry type Definition Classification msc 51M25 Classification msc 51M04 Classification msc 51-01 Synonym base of triangle Synonym height of triangle Related topic AreaOfAPolygonalRegion Related topic HeightOfATriangle Related topic Area2 Related topic ProjectionFormula Related topic OrthicTriangle Defines base Defines height Defines foot of height Defines foot of altitude