# basic results in topological groups

The purpose of this entry is to list some and useful results concerning the topological of topological groups  . We will use the following notation whenever $A,B$ are subsets of a topological group $G$ and $r$ an element of $G$:

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1 - Let $G$ be a topological group and $r\in G$. The left multiplication $s\mapsto rs$, multiplication $s\mapsto sr$, and inversion $s\mapsto s^{-1}$, are homeomorphisms  of $G$.

2 - Let $G$ be a topological group and $e\in G$ the identity element  . Let $\mathcal{B}$ be a neighborhood base around $e$. Then $\{Br\}_{B\in\mathcal{B}}$ is a neighborhood base around $r\in G$ and $\{Br:B\in\mathcal{B}\text{ and }\,r\in G\}$ is a basis (http://planetmath.org/BasisTopologicalSpace) for the topology  of $G$.

3 - Let $G$ be a topological group. If $U\subseteq G$ is open and $V$ is any subset of $G$, then $UV$ is an open set in $G$.

4 - Let $G$ be a topological group and $K,L$ compact sets in $G$. Then $KL$ is also compact.

5 - Let $G$ be a topological group and $e\in G$ the identity element. If $V$ is a neighborhood   of $e$ then $V\subset\overline{V}\subset V^{2}$.

6 - Let $G$ be a topological group, $e\in G$ the identity element and $W$ a neighborhood around $e$. Then there exists a neighborhood $U$ around $e$ such that $U^{2}\subset W$.

7 - Let $G$ be a topological group, $e\in G$ the identity element and $W$ a neighborhood around $e$. Then there exists a symmetric (http://planetmath.org/SymmetricSet) neighborhood $U$ around $e$ such that $U^{2}\subseteq W$.

8 - Let $G$ be a topological group. If $H$ is a subgroup   of $G$, then so is $\overline{H}$.

9- Let $G$ be a topological group. If $H$ is an open subgroup of $G$, then $H$ is also closed.

Title basic results in topological groups BasicResultsInTopologicalGroups 2013-03-22 17:37:38 2013-03-22 17:37:38 asteroid (17536) asteroid (17536) 16 asteroid (17536) Result msc 22A05 PolishGSpace PolishGroup