The specification and separation are sometimes used in place of comprehension, particularly for weakened forms of the axiom (see below).
In theories which make no distinction between objects and sets (such as ZF), this formulation leads to Russell’s paradox, however in stratified theories this is not a problem (for example second order arithmetic includes the axiom of comprehension).
This axiom can be restricted in various ways. One possibility is to restrict it to forming subsets of sets:
This formulation (used in ZF set theory) is sometimes called the Aussonderungsaxiom.
Another way is to restrict to some family , giving the axiom F-CA. For instance the axiom -CA is:
A third form (usually called separation) uses two formulas, and guarantees only that those satisfying one are included while those satisfying the other are excluded. The unrestricted form is the same as unrestricted collection, but, for instance, separation:
is weaker than -CA.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 12:56:54|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 12:56:54|
|Last modified by||Henry (455)|
|Synonym||axiom of comprehension|
|Synonym||axiom of separation|
|Synonym||axiom of specification|