# countable basis

A countable basis $\beta$ of a vector space $V$ over a field $F$ is a countable  subset $\beta\subset V$ with the property that every element $v\in V$ can be written as an infinite series

 $v=\sum_{x\in\beta}a_{x}x$

in exactly one way (where $a_{x}\in F$). We are implicitly assuming, without further comment, that the vector space $V$ has been given a topological structure or normed structure  in which the above infinite sum is absolutely convergent (so that it converges  to $v$ regardless of the order in which the terms are summed).

The archetypical example of a countable basis is the Fourier series of a function: every continuous   real-valued periodic function $f$ on the unit circle $S^{1}=\mathbb{R}/2\pi$ can be written as a Fourier series

 $f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}\cos(nx)+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}b_{n}\sin(nx)$

in exactly one way.

Note: A countable basis is a countable set, but it is not usually a basis.

Title countable basis CountableBasis 2013-03-22 12:10:37 2013-03-22 12:10:37 djao (24) djao (24) 8 djao (24) Definition msc 42-00 msc 15A03 Schauder basis