where and all the are complex numbers.
An ordinary Dirichlet series is one having for all . It is written
The best-known examples are the Riemann zeta function (in which is the constant (http://planetmath.org/ConstantFunction) ) and the more general Dirichlet L-series (in which the mapping is multiplicative and periodic).
When , the Dirichlet series is just a power series in the variable .
The following are the basic convergence properties of Dirichlet series. There is nothing profound about their proofs, which can be found in  and in various other works on complex analysis and analytic number theory.
Let be a Dirichlet series.
Therefore, if converges at , its sum defines a holomorphic function on the region , and moreover as within any Stoltz angle.
identically if and only if all the coefficients are zero.
So, if converges somewhere but not everywhere in , then the domain of its convergence is the region for some real number , which is called the abscissa of convergence of the Dirichlet series. The abscissa of convergence of the series , if it exists, is called the abscissa of absolute convergence of .
Now suppose that the coefficients are all real and nonnegative. If the series converges for , and the resulting function admits an analytic extension (http://planetmath.org/AnalyticContinuation) to a neighbourhood of , then the series converges in a neighbourhood of . Consequently, the domain of convergence of (unless it is the whole of ) is bounded by a singularity at a point on the real axis.
Finally, return to the general case of any complex numbers , but suppose , so is an ordinary Dirichlet series .
If the partial sums are bounded, then converges (not necessarily absolutely) in the region .
- 1 Jean-Pierre Serre. A Course in Arithmetic, chapter VI. Springer-Verlag, 1973. http://www.emis.de/cgi-bin/zmen/ZMATH/en/quick.html?type=html&an=0256.12001Zbl 0256.12001.
- 2 E. C. Titchmarsh. The Theory of Functions. Oxford Univ. Press, second edition, 1958. http://www.emis.de/cgi-bin/zmen/ZMATH/en/quick.html?type=html&an=0336.30001Zbl 0336.30001.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 13:59:22|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 13:59:22|
|Last modified by||bbukh (348)|
|Defines||ordinary Dirichlet series|
|Defines||abscissa of convergence|
|Defines||abscissa of absolute convergence|