A factorial prime is a number that is one less or one more than a factorial and is also a prime number. The first few factorial primes are: 2, 3, 5, 7, 23, 719, 5039, 39916801, 479001599, 87178291199 (sequence A088054 in the OEIS). It is conjectured that only for are both and both primes.
Factorial primes have a rôle in an argument that 1 is not a prime number. If is a positive integer and is a prime number, is never a prime for , because obviously it will be a multiple of , just as is. But , even though it certainly is a multiple of 1, can be a prime, specifically, a factorial prime. (The same is also true if we subtract instead of add).
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 16:19:19|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 16:19:19|
|Last modified by||PrimeFan (13766)|