method of undetermined coefficients
Given a (usually non-homogeneous) ordinary differential equation
the method of undetermined coefficients is a way of finding an exact solution when a guess can be made as to the general form of the solution.
In this method, the form of the solution is guessed with unknown coefficients left as variables. A typical guess might be of the form or . This can then be substituted into the differential equation and solved for the coefficients. Obviously the method requires knowing the approximate form of the solution, but for many problems this is a feasible requirement.
This method is most commonly used when the formula is some combination of exponentials, polynomials, and .
Suppose we have the following second order non-homogeneous equation
If we guess that the soution is of the form , then, by substitution, we get
and therefore , so , giving as a solution.
|Title||method of undetermined coefficients|
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 12:52:55|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 12:52:55|
|Last modified by||CWoo (3771)|