# M-matrix

1. 1.

All principal minors of $A$ are positive.

2. 2.

The leading principal minors of $A$ are positive.

3. 3.

$A$ can be written in the form $A=kI-B$, where $B$ is a non-negative matrix whose spectral radius is strictly less than $k$.

4. 4.
5. 5.

The real part of any eigenvalue of $A$ is positive.

6. 6.
7. 7.

$Av\geq 0$ implies $v\geq 0$.

8. 8.

There exists a vector $v$ with non-negative entries such that $Av>0$.

9. 9.
10. 10.

$A+kI$ is non-singular for all $k\geq 0$.

11. 11.

For each nonzero vector $v$, $v_{i}(Av)_{i}>0$ for some $i$.

12. 12.

There is a positive diagonal matrix $D$ such that the matrix $DA+A^{T}D$ is positive definite  .

13. 13.

$A$ can be factorized as $LU$, where $L$ is lower triangular, $U$ is upper triangular, and the diagonal entries of both $L$ and $U$ are positive.

14. 14.

The diagonal entries of $A$ are positive and $AD$ is strictly diagonally dominant for some positive diagonal matrix $D$.

Reference:

M. Fiedler, Special Matrices and Their Applications in Numerical Mathematics, Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, 1986.

R. A. Horn and C. R. Johnson, Topics in Matrix Analysis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991.

Title M-matrix Mmatrix 2013-03-22 15:24:54 2013-03-22 15:24:54 kshum (5987) kshum (5987) 7 kshum (5987) Definition msc 15A57