# optional process

Suppose we are given a filtration  (http://planetmath.org/FiltrationOfSigmaAlgebras) $(\mathcal{F})_{t\in\mathbb{T}}$ on a measurable space   $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$. A stochastic process  is said to be adapted if $X_{t}$ is $\mathcal{F}_{t}$-measurable for every time $t$ in the index set   $\mathbb{T}$. For an arbitrary, uncountable, index set $\mathbb{T}\subseteq\mathbb{R}$, this property is too restrictive to be useful. Instead, we can impose measurability conditions on $X$ considered as a map from $\mathbb{T}\times\Omega$ to $\mathbb{R}$. For instance, we could require $X$ to be progressively measurable, but that is still too weak a condition for many purposes. A stronger condition is for $X$ to be optional. The index set $\mathbb{T}$ is assumed to be a closed subset of $\mathbb{R}$ in the following definition.

The class of optional processes forms the smallest set containing all adapted and right-continuous processes, and which is closed under taking limits of sequences of processes.

The $\sigma$-algebra, $\mathcal{O}$, on $\mathbb{T}\times\Omega$ generated by the right-continuous and adapted processes is called the optional $\sigma$-algebra. Then, a process is optional if and only if it is $\mathcal{O}$-measurable.

Alternatively, the optional $\sigma$-algebra may be defined as

 $\mathcal{O}=\sigma\left(\left\{[T,\infty):T\textrm{ is a stopping time}\right% \}\right).$

Here, $[T,\infty)$ is a stochastic interval, consisting of the pairs $(t,\omega)\in\mathbb{T}\times\Omega$ such that $T(\omega)\leq t$. In continuous-time, the equivalence of these two definitions for $\mathcal{O}$ does require mild conditions on the filtration — it is enough for $\mathcal{F}_{t}$ to be universally complete.

In the discrete-time case where the index set $\mathbb{T}$ countable  , then the definitions above imply that a process $X_{t}$ is optional if and only if it is adapted.

Title optional process OptionalProcess 2013-03-22 18:37:34 2013-03-22 18:37:34 gel (22282) gel (22282) 5 gel (22282) Definition msc 60G07 ProgressivelyMeasurableProcess PredictableProcess optional