# proof of Pythagorean theorem

 $\xy,(0,0);(20,0)**@{-};(20,10)**@{-};(0,0)**@{-},(10,-2)*{a},(23,6)*{b},(10,7)% *{c}$
 $\xy,(0,0);(20,0)**@{-};(20,10)**@{-};(0,0)**@{-};(-10,20)**@{-};(10,30)**@{-};% (20,10)**@{-},(10,-2)*{a},(23,6)*{b},(10,7)*{c}$

and draw in four more identical triangles

 $\xy,(0,0);(20,0)**@{-};(20,10)**@{-};(0,0)**@{-};(-10,20)**@{-};(10,30)**@{-};% (20,10)**@{-};(20,30)**@{-};(-10,30)**@{-};(-10,0)**@{-};(0,0)**@{-},(10,-2)*{% a},(23,6)*{b},(10,7)*{c}$

Now for the proof. We have a large square, with each side of length $a+b$, which is subdivided into one smaller square and four triangles. The area of the large square must be equal to the combined area of the shapes it is made out of, so we have

 $\displaystyle\left(a+b\right)^{2}$ $\displaystyle=$ $\displaystyle c^{2}+4\left(\frac{1}{2}ab\right)$ $\displaystyle a^{2}+b^{2}+2ab$ $\displaystyle=$ $\displaystyle c^{2}+2ab$ $\displaystyle a^{2}+b^{2}$ $\displaystyle=$ $\displaystyle c^{2}$ (1)
Title proof of Pythagorean theorem ProofOfPythagoreanTheorem 2013-03-22 11:56:36 2013-03-22 11:56:36 drini (3) drini (3) 8 drini (3) Proof msc 51-00 PythagorasTheorem