# regular element of a Lie algebra

Regular elements clearly exist and moreover they are Zariski dense in $\mathfrak{g}$. The function $X\mapsto\dim\zeta_{\mathfrak{g}}(X)$ is an upper semi-continuous function $\mathfrak{g}\to\mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}$. Indeed, it is a constant minus $\operatorname{rank}(ad_{X})$ and $X\mapsto\operatorname{rank}(ad_{X})$ is lower semi-continuous. Thus the set of elements whose centralizer dimension is (greater than or) equal to that of any given regular element is Zariski open and non-empty.

If $\mathfrak{g}$ is reductive then the minimal centralizer dimension is equal to the rank of $\mathfrak{g}$.

More generally if $V$ is a representation for a Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, an element $v\in V$ is called regular if the dimension of its stabilizer  is minimal among all stabilizers of elements in $V$.

## Examples

1. 1.

In $\mathfrak{sl}_{n}\mathbb{C}$ a diagonal matrix  $X=\operatorname{diag}(s_{1},\ldots,s_{n})$ is regular iff $(s_{i}-s_{j})\neq 0$ for all pairs $1\leq i. Any conjugate  of such a matrix is also obviously regular.

2. 2.
Title regular element of a Lie algebra RegularElementOfALieAlgebra 2013-03-22 15:30:53 2013-03-22 15:30:53 benjaminfjones (879) benjaminfjones (879) 6 benjaminfjones (879) Definition msc 17B05 regular element