restricted Lie algebra
For every and then .
For all ,
where the terms are determined by the formula
The definition and terminology of a restricted Lie algebra was developed by N. Jacobson as a method to mimic the properties of Lie algebras of characteristic 0. The usual methods of using minimal polynomials to establish the Jordan normal form of a transform fail in positive characteristic as certain polynomials become inseparable or reducible. Thus one cannot simply establish the typical nilpotent+semisimple decomposition of elements.
However, given a linear Lie algebra (subalgebra of ) over a field of positive characteristic then the map on the matrices captures many of the properties of the field. For example, a diagonal matrix with entries in satisfies simply because the power map is a field automorphism. Thus in various ways the power map captures the requirements of semisimple and toral elements of Lie algebras. By modifying the definitions of semisimple, toral, and nilpotent elements to use the power maps of the field, Jacobson and others were able to reproduce much of the classical theory of Lie algebras for restricted Lie algebras.
The definition given above reflects the abstract requirements for a restricted Lie algebra. However an important observation is that given a linear Lie algebra over a field of characteristic , then the usual associative power map serves as a power map for establishing a restricted Lie algebra. The only added requirement is that .
A Lie algebra is said to be restrictable if it can be given a power mapping which makes it a restricted Lie algebra.
It is generally not true that a restrictable Lie algebra has a unique power mapping. Notice that the definition of a power mapping relates the power mapping to the linear power mapping of the adjoint representation. This suggests (correctly) that power maps can be defined in various ways but agree modulo the center of the Lie algebra.
Jacobson, Nathan Lie algebras, Interscience Tracts in Pure and Applied Mathematics, No. 10, Interscience Publishers (a division of John Wiley & Sons), New York-London, 1962.
Strade, Helmut and Farnsteiner, Rolf Modular Lie algebras and their representations, Monographs and Textbooks in Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 116, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1988.
|Title||restricted Lie algebra|
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 16:26:48|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 16:26:48|
|Last modified by||Algeboy (12884)|
|Defines||restricted Lie algebra|
|Defines||modular Lie algebra|
|Defines||restrictable Lie algebra|