Seifert fiber space

In the field of three dimensional manifoldsMathworldPlanetmath there is a kind which can be considered as spaces which are fibered by circles (, that is, for each point in the space there is a unique circle (a homeomorph of S1) which contains it.

A Seifert fiber space can be defined as a circle bundle over an orbifold, however these kind of 3-manifolds appeared much earlier than the concept of fiber-bundle.

To construct them one must begin learning how to fiber a solid torus. Naturally a solid torus D2×S1 is foliated by circles p×S1 where pD2.

To get different fibered solid tori one must begin with a solid torus D2×S1, cut it along a meridian disk and twist the resulting solid cylinder by a rational angle 2π(a/b) (being a,b coprime) and reglue to obtain a new fibering by circles of the old torus, where the fibers all are still longitudinal circles but differs by the previous one in the fact that now only the center’s disk is a trivial circle but any other point in the disk is in a circle which is b times longer that the central one.

It is possible construct an associated 2-manifold identifying each fiber to a point to get the so called orbit surface.


H. Seifert,Topologie drei-dimensionaler gefaserter Räume, Acta. Math. 60 (1933), 147 - 238.

M.Brin, Seifert Fibered Spaces, Notes for a course given in the Spring of 1993, on line at

Title Seifert fiber space
Canonical name SeifertFiberSpace
Date of creation 2013-03-22 15:50:53
Last modified on 2013-03-22 15:50:53
Owner juanman (12619)
Last modified by juanman (12619)
Numerical id 10
Author juanman (12619)
Entry type Definition
Classification msc 57M50
Synonym circle bundle
Related topic 3Manifolds