similarity of triangles

The following theorems are valid in Euclidean geometryMathworldPlanetmath:

Theorem AA.  If one triangle has a pair of angles that are congruent to a pair of angles in another triangle, then the two triangles are similarMathworldPlanetmath.

Theorem .  If a pair of sides of a triangle are proportional to a pair of sides in another triangle and if the angles included by the side-pairs are congruent, then the triangles are similar.

Theorem .  If the sides of a triangle are proportional to the sides of another triangle, then the triangles are similar.

The AA theoremMathworldPlanetmath may be regarded as the definition of the similarity of triangles. In some texts, the AA theorem is assumed as a postulate. The other two theorems may be proved by using the law of cosines for determining the the ratios other sides (for ) and the angles.

In hyperbolic geometry and spherical geometry, similar triangles are congruent. (See the AAA theoremMathworldPlanetmath for more details.) Thus, the theorem and theorem are invalid in these .

Title similarity of triangles
Canonical name SimilarityOfTriangles
Date of creation 2013-03-22 17:49:41
Last modified on 2013-03-22 17:49:41
Owner pahio (2872)
Last modified by pahio (2872)
Numerical id 12
Author pahio (2872)
Entry type Theorem
Classification msc 51F99
Classification msc 51M05
Classification msc 51-00
Synonym similar triangles
Related topic HarmonicMeanInTrapezoid
Related topic AreaOfSphericalCalotteByMeansOfChord
Related topic InterceptTheorem
Defines AA
Defines AA postulate
Defines AA theorem