similarity of triangles

Theorem .  If a pair of sides of a triangle are proportional to a pair of sides in another triangle and if the angles included by the side-pairs are congruent, then the triangles are similar.

Theorem .  If the sides of a triangle are proportional to the sides of another triangle, then the triangles are similar.

The AA theorem  may be regarded as the definition of the similarity of triangles. In some texts, the AA theorem is assumed as a postulate. The other two theorems may be proved by using the law of cosines for determining the the ratios other sides (for ) and the angles.

In hyperbolic geometry and spherical geometry, similar triangles are congruent. (See the AAA theorem  for more details.) Thus, the theorem and theorem are invalid in these .

 Title similarity of triangles Canonical name SimilarityOfTriangles Date of creation 2013-03-22 17:49:41 Last modified on 2013-03-22 17:49:41 Owner pahio (2872) Last modified by pahio (2872) Numerical id 12 Author pahio (2872) Entry type Theorem Classification msc 51F99 Classification msc 51M05 Classification msc 51-00 Synonym similar triangles Related topic HarmonicMeanInTrapezoid Related topic AreaOfSphericalCalotteByMeansOfChord Related topic InterceptTheorem Defines AA Defines AA postulate Defines AA theorem