simple semigroup

Let $S$ be a semigroup. If $S$ has no ideals other than itself, then $S$ is said to be simple.

Right simple and left simple are stronger conditions than simple.

A semigroup $S$ is left simple if and only if $Sa=S$ for all $a\in S$. A semigroup is both left and right simple if and only if it is a group.

If $S$ has a zero element  $\theta$, then $0=\{\theta\}$ is always an ideal of $S$, so $S$ is not simple (unless it has only one element). So in studying semigroups with a zero, a slightly weaker definition is required.

Let $S$ be a semigroup with a zero. Then $S$ is zero simple, or $0$-simple, if the following conditions hold:

• $S^{2}\neq 0$

• $S$ has no ideals except $0$ and $S$ itself

The condition $S^{2}=0$ really only eliminates one semigroup: the 2-element null semigroup. Excluding this semigroup makes parts of the structure theory of semigroups cleaner.

Title simple semigroup SimpleSemigroup 2013-03-22 13:05:59 2013-03-22 13:05:59 mclase (549) mclase (549) 7 mclase (549) Definition msc 20M10 simple zero simple right simple left simple