# transfer function

The transfer function of a linear dynamical system is the ratio of the Laplace transform  of its output to the Laplace transform of its input. In systems theory, the Laplace transform is called the “frequency domain” representation of the system.

 $\displaystyle\dot{x}(t)$ $\displaystyle=$ $\displaystyle Ax(t)+Bu(t)$ $\displaystyle y(t)$ $\displaystyle=$ $\displaystyle Cx(t)+Du(t)$

with input $u:R\mapsto R^{n}$, output $y:R\mapsto R^{m}$ and state $x:R\mapsto R^{p}$, and $(A,B,C,D)$ are constant matrices of conformable sizes.

The frequency domain representation is

 $y(s)=(D+C(sI-A)^{-1}B)u(s),$

and thus the transfer function matrix is $D+C(sI-A)^{-1}B$.

In the case of single-input-single-output systems ($m=n=1$), the transfer function is commonly expressed as a rational function of $s$:

 $H(s)=\frac{\prod_{i=0}^{Z}(s-z_{i})}{\prod_{i=0}^{P}(s-p_{i})}.$

The values $z_{i}$ are called the zeros of $H(s)$, and the values $p_{i}$ are called the poles. If any of the poles has positive real part, then the transfer function is termed unstable; if all of the poles have strictly negative real part, it is stable.

Title transfer function TransferFunction 2013-03-22 14:02:41 2013-03-22 14:02:41 lha (3057) lha (3057) 13 lha (3057) Definition msc 93A10 frequency domain stable unstable