# wavelet

## Motivation

Wavelets  can be used to analyze functions  in $L_{2}({\mathbb{R}})$ (the space of all Lebesgue absolutely square integrable functions defined on the real numbers to the complex numbers  ) in much the same way the complex exponentials   are used in the Fourier transform   , but wavelets offer the advantage of not only describing the frequency content of a function, but also providing information on the time localization of that frequency content.

## Definition

A (more properly, an orthonormal dyadic) wavelet is a function $\psi(t)\in L_{2}({\mathbb{R}})$ such that the family of functions

 $\psi_{jk}\equiv 2^{j/2}\psi(2^{j}t-k),$

where $j,k\in{\mathbb{Z}}$, is an orthonormal basis in the Hilbert space  $L_{2}({\mathbb{R}}).$

## Notes

The scaling factor of $2^{j/2}$ ensures that $\|\psi_{jk}\|=\|\psi\|=1$. These type of wavelets (the most popular), are known as dyadic wavelets because the scaling factor is a power of 2. It is not obvious from the definition that wavelets even exist, or how to construct one; the Haar wavelet is the standard example of a wavelet, and one technique used to construct wavelets. Generally, wavelets are constructed from a multiresolution analysis, but they can also be generated using wavelet sets.

 Title wavelet Canonical name Wavelet Date of creation 2013-03-22 14:26:41 Last modified on 2013-03-22 14:26:41 Owner swiftset (1337) Last modified by swiftset (1337) Numerical id 11 Author swiftset (1337) Entry type Definition Classification msc 65T60 Classification msc 46C99 Related topic FourierTransform Related topic MultiresolutionAnalysis Related topic WaveletSet2 Defines wavelet Defines orthonormal dyadic wavelet