Radon measure
Let $X$ be a Hausdorff space. A Borel measure $\mu $ on $X$ is said to be a Radon measure^{} if it is:

1.
finite on compact sets,

2.
inner regular (tight), $\mu (A)=sup\{\mu (V)\mid \text{compact}V\subset A\}$.
A finite Radon measure satisfies $\mu (A)=inf\{\mu (G)\mid \text{open}G\supset A\}$.
Radon measures are not necessarily locally finite^{}, although this is the case for locally compact and metric spaces. (Counterexample^{}: spaces where only finite subsets are compact.)
A Radon space is a topological space^{} on which every finite Borel measure is a Radon measure, this is the case, e.g. for Polish spaces^{} or Hausdorff spaces that are continuous^{} images of Polish spaces.
Radon measures are the “most important class of measures^{} on arbitrary Hausdorff topological spaces” (König [2], p.xiv) and formed the base of the development of integration theory by Bourbaki and Schwartz. In particular for locally compact spaces one often defines Radon measures as linear functionals $\mu $ on the space ${C}^{c}(X)$ of continuous functions with compact support (‘Riesz representation definition’). Berg et al. give the following summary [1], p. 62f.:
Given the finctional $\mu $ one defines set functions^{}, in fact Borel measures, the outer measure^{} ${\mu}^{*}$ and the essential outer measure ${\mu}^{\bullet}$ given by
${}^{*}(G)$  $=sup\{\mu (f)f\in {C}^{c}(X),0\le f\le {1}_{G}\}\text{for open}G\subset X\text{and}$  (1)  
${\mu}^{*}(A)$  $=inf\{{\mu}^{*}(A\cap K)K\in \U0001d50e(X)\}\text{for}A\subset X,$  (2)  
${\mu}^{\bullet}(A)$  $=sup\{{\mu}^{*}(A\cap K)K\in \U0001d50e(X)\}\text{for}A\subset X.$  (3) 
${\mu}^{\bullet}$ is a Radon measure in our sense, while ${\mu}^{*}$ is not always Radon. For locally compact and $\sigma $compact spaces, however, both coincide (on the Borel algebra) and are equivalent^{} to our Radon measure. For general Hausdorff spaces, Bourbaki introduces ${W}^{*}(A)=sup\{({W}_{K})(A\cap K)K\in \U0001d50e(X)\}$, where W, called a Radon premeasure, associates a Radon measure ${W}_{K}$ to each compact $K\subset X$, with ${W}_{K}L={W}_{L},L\in \U0001d50e$ . This is a Radon measure (on Borel sets), Bourbaki, however, calls it only so if it is in addition^{} locally finite.
Consider now Borel measures $\nu :\U0001d505\mapsto [0,\mathrm{\infty}]$ which are

•
finite on compact sets, $$,

•
inner regular on the open sets, $\nu (G)=sup\{\nu (K)K\subset G\}$ for $G$ open, and $K$ compact,

•
outer regular, $\nu (B)=inf\{\nu (G)B\subset G$ for open $G$ and Borel $B$.
then the measures $\nu $ correspond bijectively to locally finite Radon measures $\mu $ on $X$.
References
 1 Christian Berg, Jens Peter Reus, Paul Ressel: Harmonic analysis on semigroups. – Berlin, 1984 (Graduate Texts in Mathematics; 100)
 2 Heinz König: Measure and integration : an advanced course in basic procedures and applications.– Berlin, 1997.
Title  Radon measure 

Canonical name  RadonMeasure 
Date of creation  20130322 15:49:41 
Last modified on  20130322 15:49:41 
Owner  ptr (5636) 
Last modified by  ptr (5636) 
Numerical id  16 
Author  ptr (5636) 
Entry type  Definition 
Classification  msc 28C05 
Classification  msc 28C15 
Related topic  BorelMeasure 
Related topic  SigmaFiniteBorelMeasureAndRelatedBorelConcepts 
Defines  Radon space 