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Homesemiprime ideal

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# semiprime ideal

Let $R$ be a ring. An ideal $I$ of $R$ is a semiprime ideal if it satisfies the following equivalent conditions:

(a) $I$ can be expressed as an intersection of prime ideals of $R$;

(b) if $x\in R$, and $xRx\subset I$, then $x\in I$;

(c) if $J$ is a two-sided ideal of $R$ and $J^{2}\subset I$, then $J\subset I$ as well;

(d) if $J$ is a left ideal of $R$ and $J^{2}\subset I$, then $J\subset I$ as well;

(e) if $J$ is a right ideal of $R$ and $J^{2}\subset I$, then $J\subset I$ as well.

Here $J^{2}$ is the product of ideals $J\cdot J$.

The ring $R$ itself satisfies all of these conditions (including being expressed as an intersection of an empty family of prime ideals) and is thus semiprime.

A ring $R$ is said to be a semiprime ring if its zero ideal is a semiprime ideal.

Note that an ideal $I$ of $R$ is semiprime if and only if the quotient ring $R/I$ is a semiprime ring.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

16D25*no label found*

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