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# Paul Ehrenfest

*Paul Ehrenfest* (1880 - 1933) Jewish Dutch mathematician and physicist of Austrian birth, mainly concerned with the mathematics of quantum mechanics, best known for the Ehrenfest theorem. Husband of Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva and father of Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest.

Born in Vienna, the son of grocers, young Paul did not always do well in school. Going to university, he at first focused on chemistry, but gradually his interests shifted to theoretical physics. At GĂ¶ttingen, he met Tatyana Afanasyeva. Soon, in 1905, she bore him a daughter, Tatyana Pavlovna, whom they home-schooled at first with a solid background in physics and mathematics. His Ph.D. dissertation was on the motion of rigid bodies in fluids. In 1907, Ehrenfest succeeded Hendrik Lorentz as professor of physics at the University of Leiden, where he invited Albert Einstein to teach there. In 1933, Ehrenfest committed suicide.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

01A55*no label found*01A60

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