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# Plateau’s Problem

The “Plateau’s Problem” is the problem of finding the surface with minimal area among all surfaces which have the same prescribed boundary.

This problem is named after the Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau (1801-1883) who experimented with soap films. As a matter of fact if you take a wire (which represents a closed curve in three-dimensional space) and dip it in a solution of soapy water, you obtain a soapy surface which has the wire as boundary. It turns out that this surface has the minimal area among all surfaces with the same boundary, so the soap film is a solution to the Plateau’s Problem.

Jesse Douglas (1897-1965) solved the problem by proving the existence of such minimal surfaces. The solution to the problem is achieved by finding an harmonic and conformal parameterization of the surface.

The extension of the problem to higher dimensions (i.e. for $k$-dimensional surfaces in $n$-dimensional space) turns out to be much more difficult to study. Moreover while the solutions to the original problem are always regular it turns out that the solutions to the extended problem may have singularities if $n\geq 8$. To solve the extended problem the theory of perimeters (De Giorgi) for boundaries and the theory of rectifiable currents (Federer and Fleming) has been developed.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

49Q05*no label found*

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