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search problem
If $R$ is a binary relation such that $\operatorname{field}(R)\subseteq\Gamma^{+}$ and $T$ is a Turing machine, then $T$ calculates $f$ if:

If $x$ is such that there is some $y$ such that $R(x,y)$ then $T$ accepts $x$ with output $z$ such that $R(x,z)$ (there may be multiple $y$, and $T$ need only find one of them)

If $x$ is such that there is no $y$ such that $R(x,y)$ then $T$ rejects $x$
Note that the graph of a partial function is a binary relation, and if $T$ calculates a partial function then there is at most one possible output.
A relation $R$ can be viewed as a search problem, and a Turing machine which calculates $R$ is also said to solve it. Every search problem has a corresponding decision problem, namely $L(R)=\{x\mid\exists yR(x,y)\}$.
This definition may be generalized to $n$ary relations using any suitable encoding which allows multiple strings to be compressed into one string (for instance by listing them consecutively with a delimiter).
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