## You are here

HomeVan Kampen's theorem result

## Primary tabs

# Van Kampen’s theorem result

There is a more general version of the theorem of van Kampen which involves the fundamental groupoid $\pi_{1}(X,A)$ on a set $A$ of base points, defined as the full subgroupoid of $\pi_{1}(X)$ on the set $A\cap X$. This allows one to compute the fundamental group of the circle $S^{1}$ and many more cases.

Theorem If $X$ is the union of open sets $U,V$ with intersection $W$, and $A$ meets each path component of $U,V,W$ then the following induced diagram

$\xymatrix{\pi_{1}(W,A)\ar[r]\ar[d]&\pi_{1}(U,A)\ar[d]\\ \pi_{1}(V,A)\ar[r]&\pi_{1}(X,A)}$ |

is a pushout in the category of groupoids.

This may be found in R. Brown’s book “Topology: a geometric account of general topology and the fundamental groupoid”, Ellis Horwood 1988 (first edition McGraw Hill, 1968). It has many useful applications, and was the guide for higher dimensional theorems involving higher homotopy groupoids.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

55Q05*no label found*

- Forums
- Planetary Bugs
- HS/Secondary
- University/Tertiary
- Graduate/Advanced
- Industry/Practice
- Research Topics
- LaTeX help
- Math Comptetitions
- Math History
- Math Humor
- PlanetMath Comments
- PlanetMath System Updates and News
- PlanetMath help
- PlanetMath.ORG
- Strategic Communications Development
- The Math Pub
- Testing messages (ignore)

- Other useful stuff

## Recent Activity

new question: Prime numbers out of sequence by Rubens373

Oct 7

new question: Lorenz system by David Bankom

Oct 19

new correction: examples and OEIS sequences by fizzie

Oct 13

new correction: Define Galois correspondence by porton

Oct 7

new correction: Closure properties on languages: DCFL not closed under reversal by babou

new correction: DCFLs are not closed under reversal by petey

Oct 2

new correction: Many corrections by Smarandache

Sep 28

new question: how to contest an entry? by zorba

new question: simple question by parag

## Comments

## van Kampen's theorem

I would be grateful if the reference to R. Brown's book â€œTopology: a geometric account of general topology and the fundamental groupoidâ€?, Ellis Horwood 1988 could also mention the latest edition `Topology and Groupoids' Booksurge PLC, 2006, which is available on amazon.com

Ronnie Brown