# direct product of algebras

Let $\{A_{i}\mid i\in I\}$ be a set of algebraic systems of the same type ($O$) indexed by $I$. Let us form the Cartesian product  of the underlying sets and call it $A$:

 $A:=\prod_{i\in I}A_{i}.$

Recall that element $a$ of $A$ is a function from $I$ to $\bigcup A_{i}$ such that for each $i\in I$, $a(i)\in A_{i}$.

For each $\omega\in O$ with arity $n$, let $\omega_{A_{i}}$ be the corresponding $n$-ary operator on $A_{i}$. Define $\omega_{A}:A^{n}\to A$ by

 $\omega_{A}(a_{1},\ldots,a_{n})(i)=\omega_{A_{i}}(a_{1}(i),\ldots,a_{n}(i))% \quad\mbox{ for all }i\in I.$

One readily checks that $\omega_{A}$ is a well-defined $n$-ary operator on $A$. $A$ equipped with all $\omega_{A}$ on $A$ is an $O$-algebra, and is called the direct product       of $A_{i}$. Each $A_{i}$ is called a direct factor of $A$.

If each $A_{i}=B$, where $B$ is an $O$-algebra, then we call $A$ the direct power of $B$ and we write $A$ as $B^{I}$ (keep in mind the isomorphic   identifications).

Remark. The direct product of a single algebraic system is the algebraic system itself. An empty direct product is defined to be a trivial algebraic system (one-element algebra).

 Title direct product of algebras Canonical name DirectProductOfAlgebras Date of creation 2013-03-22 16:44:35 Last modified on 2013-03-22 16:44:35 Owner CWoo (3771) Last modified by CWoo (3771) Numerical id 9 Author CWoo (3771) Entry type Definition Classification msc 08A05 Classification msc 08A62 Defines direct product Defines direct factor Defines direct power Defines projection Defines empty direct product