# function field

Let $F$ be a field.

###### Definition 2.

A function field (in one variable) over $F$ is a field $K$, containing $F$ and at least one element $x$, transcendental  over $F$, such that $K/F(x)$ is a http://planetmath.org/node/FiniteExtensionfinite algebraic extension  .

###### Definition 3.

Let $K$ be a function field over $F$ and let $L$ be a finite extension  of $K$. The extension $L/K$ of function fields is said to be geometric if $L\cap\overline{F}=F$.

###### Example 1.

The extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{x})/\mathbb{Q}(x)$ is geometric, but $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})(x)/\mathbb{Q}(x)$ is not geometric.

###### Theorem 1 (Thm. I.6.9 of ).

Let $K$ be a function field over an algebraically closed field $F$. There exists a nonsingular projective curve $C_{K}$ such that the function field of $C_{K}$ is isomorphic to $K$.

###### Definition 4.

Let $K$ be a function field over a field $F$. Let $K^{\prime}=K\overline{F}$ which is a function field over $\overline{F}$, a fixed algebraic closure of $F$, and let $C_{K^{\prime}}$ be the curve given by the previous theorem. The genus of $K$ is, by definition, the genus of $C_{K^{\prime}}$.

###### Definition 5.

Let $K$ be a function field over a field $F$. A prime in $K$ is by definition a discrete valuation ring $R$ with maximal $P$ such that $F\subset R$ and the quotient field of $R$ is equal to $K$. The prime is usually denoted $P$ after the maximal ideal  of $R$. The degree of $P$, denoted by $\deg P$, is defined to be the dimension  of $R/P$ over $F$.

###### Example 2.

Let $K=F(x)$ be the rational function field over $F$ and let $\mathcal{O}=F[x]$. The prime ideals   of $\mathcal{O}$ are generated by monic irreducible polynomials  in $F[x]$. Let $P=(f(x))$ be such a prime. Then $R_{P}=\mathcal{O}_{P}$, the localization  of $\mathcal{O}$ at the prime $P$ is a discrete valuation ring with $F\subset\mathcal{O}_{P}$ and the quotient field of $R_{P}$ is $K$. Thus $R_{P}=\mathcal{O}_{P}$ is a prime of $K$.

One can define an ‘extra’ prime in the following way. Let $R_{\infty}=\mathcal{O}_{\infty}=F[\frac{1}{x}]$ and let $P_{\infty}=(\frac{1}{x})$ be the prime ideal of $R_{\infty}$ generated by $\frac{1}{x}$. The localization ring $(R_{\infty})_{P_{\infty}}$ is a prime of $K$, called the prime at infinity.

## References

• 1
• 2 M. Rosen, , Springer-Verlag, New York.
 Title function field Canonical name FunctionField Date of creation 2013-03-22 15:34:35 Last modified on 2013-03-22 15:34:35 Owner alozano (2414) Last modified by alozano (2414) Numerical id 8 Author alozano (2414) Entry type Definition Classification msc 11R58 Synonym algebraic function field Related topic SimpleTranscendentalFieldExtension Defines rational function field Defines geometric extension Defines genus of a function field Defines degree of a prime