# general linear group

Given a vector space  $V$, the ${\operatorname{GL}}(V)$ is defined to be the group of invertible linear transformations from $V$ to $V$. The group operation  is defined by composition: given $T:V\longrightarrow V$ and $T^{\prime}:V\longrightarrow V$ in ${\operatorname{GL}}(V)$, the product    $TT^{\prime}$ is just the composition of the maps $T$ and $T^{\prime}$.

If $V=\mathbb{F}^{n}$ for some field $\mathbb{F}$, then the group ${\operatorname{GL}}(V)$ is often denoted ${\operatorname{GL}}(n,\mathbb{F})$ or ${\operatorname{GL}}_{n}(\mathbb{F})$. In this case, if one identifies each linear transformation $T:V\longrightarrow V$ with its matrix with respect to the standard basis, the group ${\operatorname{GL}}(n,\mathbb{F})$ becomes the group of invertible  $n\times n$ matrices with entries in $\mathbb{F}$, under the group operation of matrix multiplication  .

One also discusses the general linear group on a module $M$ over some ring $R$. There it is the set of automorphisms     of $M$ as an $R$-module. For example, one might take ${\operatorname{GL}}(\mathbb{Z}\oplus\mathbb{Z})$; this is isomorphic to the group of two-by-two matrices with integer entries having determinant  $\pm 1$. If $M$ is a general $R$-module, there need not be a natural interpretation   of ${\operatorname{GL}}(M)$ as a matrix group.

The general linear group is an example of a group scheme; viewing it in this way ties together the properties of ${\operatorname{GL}}(V)$ for different vector spaces $V$ and different fields $F$. The general linear group is an algebraic group, and it is a Lie group if $V$ is a real or complex vector space.

When $V$ is a finite-dimensional Banach space  , ${\operatorname{GL}}(V)$ has a natural topology coming from the operator norm  ; this is isomorphic to the topology  coming from its embedding  into the ring of matrices. When $V$ is an infinite-dimensional vector space, some elements of ${\operatorname{GL}}(V)$ may not be continuous  and one generally looks instead at the set of bounded operators  .

Title general linear group GeneralLinearGroup 2013-03-22 12:25:36 2013-03-22 12:25:36 djao (24) djao (24) 8 djao (24) Definition msc 20G15 Group Representation SpecialLinearGroup