# least and greatest value of function

###### Theorem.

Remark 1.  If the preconditions of the theorem are fulfilled by a function $f$, then one needs only to determine the values of $f$ in the end points $a$ and $b$ of the interval and in the zeros of the derivative $f^{\prime}$ inside the interval; then the least and the greatest value are found among those values.

Remark 2.  Note that the theorem does not require anything of the derivative $f^{\prime}$ in the points $a$ and $b$; one needs not even the right-sided derivative in $a$ or the left-sided derivative in $b$.  Thus e.g. the function  $f:\,x\mapsto\sqrt{1-x^{2}}$,  fulfilling the conditions of the theorem on the interval  $[-1,\,1]$  but not having such one-sided derivatives, gains its least value in the end-point  $x=-1$  and its greatest value in the zero  $x=0$  of the derivative.

Remark 3.  The least value of a function is also called the absolute minimum and the greatest value the absolute maximum of the function.

 Title least and greatest value of function Canonical name LeastAndGreatestValueOfFunction Date of creation 2013-03-22 15:38:57 Last modified on 2013-03-22 15:38:57 Owner pahio (2872) Last modified by pahio (2872) Numerical id 11 Author pahio (2872) Entry type Theorem Classification msc 26B12 Synonym global extrema of real function Related topic Extremum  Related topic LeastAndGreatestNumber Related topic FermatsTheoremStationaryPoints Related topic MinimalAndMaximalNumber Defines absolute minimum Defines absolute maximum