Generally, by logic, people mean first order logic, a formal set of rules for building mathematical statements out of symbols like ¬ (negationMathworldPlanetmath) and (implicationMathworldPlanetmath) along with quantifiersMathworldPlanetmath like (for every) and (there exists).

More generally, a logic is any set of rules for forming sentencesMathworldPlanetmath (the logic’s syntax) together with rules for assigning truth values to them (the logic’s semantics). Normally it includes a (possibly empty) set of types T (also called sorts), which represent the different kinds of objects that the theory discusses (typical examples might be sets, numbers, or sets of numbers). In additionPlanetmathPlanetmath it specifies particular quantifiers, connectivesMathworldPlanetmath, and variables. Particular theories in the logic can then add relationsMathworldPlanetmath and functions to fully specify a logical language.

Title logic
Canonical name Logic
Date of creation 2013-03-22 13:00:09
Last modified on 2013-03-22 13:00:09
Owner Henry (455)
Last modified by Henry (455)
Numerical id 9
Author Henry (455)
Entry type Definition
Classification msc 03B15
Classification msc 03B10
Related topic FuzzySubset
Defines syntax
Defines semantics
Defines type
Defines sort