# L-series of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve  over $\mathbb{Q}$ with Weierstrass equation:

 $y^{2}+a_{1}xy+a_{3}y=x^{3}+a_{2}x^{2}+a_{4}x+a_{6}$

with coefficients $a_{i}\in\mathbb{Z}$. For $p$ a prime in $\mathbb{Z}$, define $N_{p}$ as the number of points in the reduction of the curve modulo $p$, this is, the number of points in:

 $\{O\}\cup\{(x,y)\in{\mathbb{F}_{p}}^{2}\colon y^{2}+a_{1}xy+a_{3}y-x^{3}-a_{2}% x^{2}-a_{4}x-a_{6}\equiv 0\ mod\ p\}$

where $O$ is the point at infinity. Also, let $a_{p}=p+1-N_{p}$. We define the local part at $p$ of the L-series to be:

 $L_{p}(T)=\begin{cases}1-a_{p}T+pT^{2}\text{, if E has good reduction at p}% ,\\ 1-T\text{, if E has split multiplicative reduction at p},\\ 1+T\text{, if E has non-split multiplicative reduction at p},\\ 1\text{, if E has additive reduction at p}.\end{cases}$
###### Definition.

The L-series of the elliptic curve $E$ is defined to be:

 $L(E,s)=\prod_{p}\frac{1}{L_{p}(p^{-s})}$

where the product is over all primes.

Note: The product converges and gives an analytic function  for all $Re(s)>3/2$. This follows from the fact that $\mid a_{p}\mid\leq 2\sqrt{p}$. However, far more is true:

###### Theorem (Taylor, Wiles).

The number $w$ above is usually called the root number of $E$, and it has an important conjectural meaning (see Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture).

## References

• 1 James Milne, Elliptic Curves, http://www.jmilne.org/math/CourseNotes/math679.htmlonline course notes.
• 2 Joseph H. Silverman, . Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986.
• 3 Joseph H. Silverman, Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994.
• 4 Goro Shimura, Introduction to the Arithmetic Theory of Automorphic Functions. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1971.
 Title L-series of an elliptic curve Canonical name LseriesOfAnEllipticCurve Date of creation 2013-03-22 13:49:43 Last modified on 2013-03-22 13:49:43 Owner alozano (2414) Last modified by alozano (2414) Numerical id 8 Author alozano (2414) Entry type Definition Classification msc 14H52 Synonym L-function of an elliptic curve Related topic EllipticCurve Related topic DirichletLSeries Related topic ConductorOfAnEllipticCurve Related topic HassesBoundForEllipticCurvesOverFiniteFields Related topic ArithmeticOfEllipticCurves Defines L-series of an elliptic curve Defines local part of the L-series Defines root number