# measurable space

A measurable space is a set $E$ together with a collection $\mathcal{B}$ of subsets of $E$ which is a sigma algebra.

The elements of $\mathcal{B}$ are called measurable sets.

A measurable space is the correct object on which to define a measure; $\mathcal{B}$ will be the collection of sets which actually have a measure. We normally want to ensure that $\mathcal{B}$ contains all the sets we will ever want to use. We usually cannot take $\mathcal{B}$ to be the collection of all subsets of $E$ because the axiom of choice often allows one to construct sets that would lead to a contradiction if we gave them a measure (even zero). For the real numbers, Vitali’s theorem states that $\mathcal{B}$ cannot be the collection of all subsets if we hope to have a measure that returns the length of an open interval.

Title measurable space MeasurableSpace 2013-03-22 11:57:30 2013-03-22 11:57:30 djao (24) djao (24) 11 djao (24) Definition msc 28A33 measurable set