# multiply perfect number

A multiply perfect number $n$ for a given $k$ is an integer such that $\sigma(n)=kn$, where $\sigma(x)$ is the sum of divisors function. $n$ is then called $k$-perfect. For example, 120 is 3-perfect since its divisors   (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, 30, 40, 60, 120) add up to 360, which is thrice 120. Numbers that are 2-perfect are by default called perfect numbers.

The 3-perfect numbers are listed in A005820 of Sloane’s OEIS; A027687 lists 4-perfect numbers; etc. The first $k$-perfect number for $k>1$ are listed in A007539.

As of 2007, more than 5000 multiply perfect numbers were known. The Multiply Perfect Numbers webpage, hosted by Bielefeld University, provides an ASCII text file database giving the name of the discoverer, “abundancy” (the value of $k$ for the particular $n$), some of the prime factors  and the value of $\log\log n$.

## References

• 1 A. H. Beiler, Recreations in the Theory of Numbers. New York (1964): 22.
• 2 A. L. Brown, “Multiperfect numbers” Scripta Math. 20 (1954): 103 - 106
Title multiply perfect number MultiplyPerfectNumber 2013-03-22 17:47:58 2013-03-22 17:47:58 CompositeFan (12809) CompositeFan (12809) 5 CompositeFan (12809) Definition msc 11A05 multiperfect number pluperfect number